Conflict diamonds are those mined in war zones. Also known as war diamonds or blood diamonds and usually coming from Africa, the proceeds from their sale tend to support warlords and/or illegal activities and invasions.
The diamond industry worked closely with governments and the United Nations to form the Kimberley Process Certification System in 2002 in an attempt to curtail the flow of blood diamonds. The following year, the United States, the world’s largest consumer of diamonds, gave teeth to the system by enacting the Clean Diamond Trade Act that virtually eliminated trade in conflict diamonds.
Now that the world's supply of diamonds is coming from sources free of conflict, the diamond trade has taken its rightful place as a driving economic force, especially in Africa where more than half the world’s diamonds come from. The diamond mining industry not only provides employment, but government revenues there from the sale of conflict-free diamonds help fund universal programs such as healthcare and education.
Conflict-free certified diamonds are mined in Canada, Russia and Australia too, and your stone will come with documentation that shows that it is truly conflict-free.
The Kimberly Process is a joint governments industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds, or rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate governments. The Kimberly Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) was created in 2000 when Southern African diamond-producing
states met in Kimberly, South Africa to discuss a way to stop trade in conflict
The KPCS imposes extensive requirements on its members to enable them to certify shipments of rough diamonds as Conflict-Free, preventing conflict diamonds from entering legitimate trade. Participants of the Kimberly Process may only trade with other members who have met minimum requirements of the scheme. Since the inception of the Kimberly Process, diamond experts estimate that a fraction of one percent of diamonds in international trade are conflict diamonds compared to 15% in the 1990s.